Candidiase is a disease that has a cure but does need to be treated in time to not offer complications. The best-known type is vaginal Candidiase, but did you know that it can also happen in the mouth, on the skin or even in men? Learn more about this condition in addition to its causes, treatments and more.
What is candidiasis?
candidiase is a kind of infection caused by a fungus called Candida albicans.
It can affect several parts of the body, the most common being vaginal. By affecting the intimate region, many people are harmed when talking about the disease, but know that it is not considered an STD! Personal hygiene is essential to prevent it and antifungal medicines are used to treat, as we will see later.
The main cause of candidiasis is the excessive proliferation of fungi of the Candida genus. They are even normal in our body, but when they are in excessive quantities, they cause the disease and activate their symptoms. This increase in funds is caused by certain factors:
- Use of antibiotics: Some types of these drugs attack and eliminate these benign beings by unbalancing the vaginal flora.
- Hormonal changes: When there are falls or high hormones, the chemicals in the digestive system become unbalanced and contribute to the onset of candidiasis;
- Emotional Stress: When we are stressed, we release more cortisone and it increases blood sugar levels; these fungi serve as food for fungi, which proliferate in excess;
- Diabetes: Same idea of stress, with high blood sugar;
- Transmission between sex partners (non-STD): We will discuss below candidiasis in men;
- During menstruation;
- Long time with absorbent;
- Use of tight or wet clothing;
- During contraceptive use;
- During the pregnancy.
1. Vaginal Candidiase:
When the woman’s immunity goes down, symptoms may arise more clearly, such as:
- White vaginal discharge;
- Intense itching;
- Pain or discomfort when washing or intercourse;
- Swelling and redness in the vagina.
2. Candidiase in the mouth (oral):
These are very simple and easy to notice symptoms:
- It is also known as “thrush”;
- Eruptions on the lips;
- Bad breath;
- Pain upon swallowing;
- Whitish plaques on the mouth, tongue and inside the cheeks;
- Commonly confused with throat infection;
- A malignant evolution of the disease is candidiasis in the esophagus.
3. Skin candidiase (cutaneous):
In addition to the vagina, candidiasis can occur in other parts of the body, which also suffer from moisture. The most common sites are the axes, between the toes, under the breasts, around the anus, the inner thighs, the navel, and the groin. Common symptoms include:
- Red skin;
- Transparent liquid;
- Excessive itching is at risk of infection.
Diagnosis of Candidiase
In most cases, the gynecologist can diagnose the situation simply by analyzing the symptoms reported by the patient and by analyzing the vagina region. Only in cases of doubt can the doctor perform the pap smear and an appropriate treatment be initiated.
The Candidiase for a man?
If a man’s sex partner has an episode of candidiasis, he can pass the fungus to the innermost region of the man. But most of the time, man doesn’t feel any symptoms!
And this causes him to retransmit the disease back to the woman through intercourse with friction and the exchange of intimate fluid, even after she has already treated herself.
Therefore, doctors always ask for a diagnosis of the man, even if a woman has candidiasis, so both should be treated for the disease.
1. Remedies for Candidiase
In general, candidiases are treated internally with antifungal ointments applied directly to the vagina. Some include: nystatin, gino – Canesten, miconazole, itraconazole, terconazole, cyclohexylmethylamine or ketoconazole.
The treatment takes 7 to 15 days and should follow what the doctor recommends, use it to the end and not have sex during treatment. In some cases, your doctor may recommend oral antifungals, such as fluconazole, that are taken in single doses or up to 3 units. This type of treatment is also indicated for recurrent candidiasis, taking 1 tablet per week for at least 6 months.
2. Home Treatments and Care for Candidiase
In addition to medicines, doctors also indicate:
- Wash thoroughly and dry the area before bed;
- Wear loose clothing;
- Sleeping without panties, to prevent;
- Ingesting probiotics and Lactobacillus, such as yogurts;
- Avoid intimate soaps full of chemistry and specific use for the intimate region;
- Avoid foods high in fat and sugar;
- Wash the intimate region with water and vinegar, about 4 tablespoons of the product for a ½ liter of water;
- Drink water with lemon, without sugar;
- Put natural yogurt inside the vagina, as it speeds up healing.
For more tips, check out the comic and super interesting video by Osmosis below: